Summer is here and so is the scorching heat. Many people like to go outside and exercise, however, most are not prepared for the heat. In the past month at least six hikers required assistance because of injury or dehydration, two of which did not survive. Knowing the symptoms and treatment of heat exhaustion and heat stroke may save your life or the life of someone around you. Below are the symptoms, as well as treatments, for both heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion:
• Heavy sweating
• Feeling weak and/or confused
• Fast heartbeat
• Dark-colored urine, which means dehydration.
If you believe you are suffering from heat exhaustion, stop and drink plenty of water. Also, remove any tight clothing and take a cool shower or bath, if possible. If you are still having symptoms after 30 minutes, call 911.
Symptoms of heatstroke:
- A fever of 104°F or more
- Severe headache
- Dizziness and feeling light-headed
- A flushed or red appearance to the skin
- Lack of sweating
- Muscle weakness or cramps
- Fast heartbeat
- Fast breathing
- Feeling confused, anxious or disoriented
If you believe someone is having a heat stroke, call 911 and move them to a cool place. Also take off any restrictive clothing and place ice packs on their neck, back and armpits.